It goes without saying that the brain is one of the most vital organs of the human body. It plays a vital role in the normal functioning of all organ systems. For this reason, any disruption in normal brain function can not only affect the brain but the whole body.
Some brain disorders are severe enough that they can also risk human life. A few of these are discussed below:
A brain tumor can be referred to as an irregular growth of cells in the brain. There are various types of brain tumors. Some can be cancerous also called malignant tumors and while others are non-cancerous and are called benign. Brain tumors can be primary, secondary, or metastatic. Sometimes it has another location in the body but with time it spreads to brian as the primary location of a brain tumor is the brain.
The growth rate of a brain tumor depends on several factors. Also along with growth rate, the location and size of a brain tumor have a direct impact on the performance of the nervous system of the affected individual. Symptoms of the brain tumor can vary from mild to serious depending on the severity. General signs include headaches that can be quite severe especially in the morning. Patients can also experience seizures or convulsions along with vomiting, nausea, monument imbalance, hearing or speech disorder. Common treatments of brain tumors include removal or chemotherapy.
It includes a variety of conditions that can be due to damage to nerve cells or the nervous system over some time. It is connected directly to the coordination system and its sensitivity. This disease can alter an individual’s personality and lead to confusion-like behaviors.
Neurodegenerative diseases include Alzheimer’s, Tay-Sachs disease, Parkinson’s disease, etc. These diseases deteriorate brain functioning resulting in a major effect on an individual’s life. For instance, Alzheimer’s can progress over time and affect memory strength and thinking. Likewise, Tay-Sachs disease is an inherited disease.
Mental disorders are conditions that alter brain health and functioning. These disturbances are also referred to as psychiatric disorders. This is because these can disturb an individual’s thinking process, emotions, mood swings, and personality. Mental disorders are of several types such as control, eating, psychotic, and personality disorders like anxiety, addictions, etc.
Anxiety, panic, OCD, and PTSD are some of the most common brain disorders. The reason behind the mental disorders is not confirmed but it could include genetic, environmental, or biological. Symptoms can vary from person to person. These disorders can range between different levels from mild to severe depending on several factors. Mental syndromes are treated through customized treatment plans for every patient. For instance, fluvoxamine is a common and effective drug which companies make for OCD. It is available under different brand names in the market.
Mental disorders can have a huge effect not only on the individual’s health but also cause several risks in his daily life. It can happen to anyone but the risk of having a mental disorder is higher especially if the person has a family history. Also when he is suffering from some traumatic experiences, brain injury, or exploitation of drugs.
Brain injury often occurs due to some kind of trauma caused by some kind of accident. It can be harmful to brian by affecting the nerves or tissues. Physical accidents like car or sports accidents, slipping or falling from height or slopes, are the most common reasons behind brain injuries. This damages the brain’s capability to coordinate the normal functions of the body. Common brain injuries include cerebral edema, concussions, hematomas, and bruising of brain tissues, etc.
A person suffering from a brain injury can have several symptoms such as nausea, paralysis, vomiting, blood clotting, numbness, bleeding ears, speech and memory disorders. In such a situation, he or she should immediately consult a doctor after experiencing any incidence. For a small injury, painkillers are advised by the doctors. While serious injuries can be a cause of risk for the individual and special treatment is prescribed to that person. Also in severe cases, the surgeries are performed.
All of these diseases can affect several aspects of an individual’s life with time and progression. For instance, mobility, speech, sleeping, mood swings, breathing, memory, blood pressure, bladder, and heart functioning all are affected. There is no permanent cure if not treated on time and threatens one’s life too. Several types of medications are administered for the patients to control and decrease the severity of the symptoms. Further, several rehabilitation therapies can also be given to the patients to enhance their quality of life.